HISTORY OF THE DWELLING /MEETING HOUSES OF THE NON-CONFORMIST CHURCHES
A question about the Old Manse in Mary Street has set me looking into the history of the Congregational church. I have already written up the history of the Baptist Church and now I am working on the evidence for the Congregational Church. I am also finding references to the Wesleyan Methodists and the Christian Brethren. I have posted my preliminary notes under ‘Old Manse’
So far a record of the tolls paid at the toll house on the Newton Road has not been found . The Act to establish the turnpike toll road from Newton Bushell through to Moretonhampstead was made in 1826 (1) . A newspaper report of 1852 tells us that the toll at that time for a horse drawn cart with passengers was 9d, as John Bowden was charged with refusing to pay. ( The Exeter Flying Post 4 September 1855, p.4). It is considered by some that the tolls charged across the country during the eighteenth century were broadly the same. M.C.Lowe, in his study of Devon Turnpikes compared four Turnpike Trusts and found their tolls at this time were almost identical (2). This would suggest the eighteenth century tolls on the Newton Bushell /Bovey Tracey/Moretonhampstead turnpike were:-
Coach 6 Horses 1s 0d
Coach 4 Horses 9d
Coach 2 Horses 6d
Coach 1 Horse 3d
Waggon 5 Horses 2s 0d
Waggon 4 Horses 1s 6d
Waggon 3 Horses 1s 0d
Waggon 2 Horses 6d
Waggon 1 Horse 3d
Oxen, cos, per 20 10d
Calves, sheep per 20 5d
More recent researchers, such as Alan Rosevear, have indicated that there might be considerable variation between tolls charged because of the nature of the terrain covered (3). Until we find more evidence on the Newton Bushell turnpike we cannot be sure of the charges involved.
1.Journal of the House of Commons vol.81, 2 May 1826 Newton Bushell Road Act, p.313.
2. Lowe, M.C. 1990. The Turnpike Trusts in Devon and Their Roads 1753-1889 in Transactions of the Devonshire Association for the Advancement of Science, vol. 122, pp. 47-69, pp.52-3.
3. Alan Rosevear, 2017, www.turnpike.org.uk accessed 12 October 2017, and talk to Devon Archaeological Society 6 October 2017.
Updated 6 January 2019