Norden’s Survey of the Manor of Bovey Tracey 1614

 

JOHN NORDEN’S SURVEY OF THE CROWN LANDS OF THE MANOR OF BOVEY TRACEY 1614

Frances Billinge and Penny Martin May 2018

INTRODUCTION
John Norden’s work is fully described by Frank Kitchen in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, who explained why Norden conducted surveys of Crown lands in the early 1600s.1 Further information on Norden’s work was also given in Heather Lawrence’s article of 1985.2
The Crown needed to raise money and sovereigns had started to sell Crown lands in Devon from the middle of the 1500s.3 This was to be continued by James I who in 1612 granted John Norden surveyorship of the king’s lands in several counties including Devon in preparation for the sale of these lands.4
Norden was an experienced cartographer and surveyor and his surveys used a list of particular questions which needed to be answered. This list is fully described in his Surveyor’s Dialogue and we can see that the survey of Bovey Tracey follows this method.  Sometimes Norden would produce a map, but in some surveys his work was a  manuscript description such as that of Northamptonshire where he described the parish with mileages between places and lists of the landholders.6 He undertook his survey of Bovey Tracey in 1614 and this was written-up in manuscript form in 1615.7 Unfortunately his survey of Bovey Tracey did not include a map. Frank Kitchen explained the methods which Norden used in his surveys as these varied depending on what was required.8 Norden called courts, examined records, physically inspected the ground, produced a register of holdings, tenants, values, obligations and other details.
Norden’s survey of Bovey Tracey covered all of the manor except Yarner and Ullacombe which had already been sold.The survey was a description of the holdings, their ownership, the name of each field and its size , the boundaries of the parish and the customs of the manor and the charter of the borough. It is an important resource for understanding the development of Bovey Tracey. Part of it was written in Latin and part in English.

The following is a translation of the Latin parts of the document (in italics) and a transcription of the English sections :-

THE SURVEY

THE SURVEY-Translation/Transcription  

Page 1

County of Devon

Manor of Bovey Tracey

Names Of Men Having Been Sworn In

Peter Parr                       William Soper

Peter Perin                      John Breton

John Skirdon                  Thomas Staer

Thomas Pinsent             John Wallener

John Pinsent                   Hugh Wallis

John Harris                     Richard Thorne

Thomas Sweete               Nicholas Voysey

Robert Wootton

Walter Hart

William Spry

Firstly. They cannott express everie freeholders names landes rents and
Tenures within ye said Manor and Borough, their severalll deeds with the
Rentals will manifest the same, togeather with their reliefs rents and services unto which they
Referrd themselves. These freeholders pay on their deaths and Alienation ought to pay A
Relief and also doe suit at Twoe law days.

Page 2

Bovytracie

Margin note Difference between the Barton copiholde which is Demesnes and the anncient custom- ayre

Concerning ye coppiholder Tennantes, they have shewed their severall copies savinge

some few and have also exhibited to this court the perticulers of their tenements and cont[ents]

of the same as neare as they can well estimate them; the Barten Land demised by copie

is not heriotable, The Tennants thereof doe suit at Two Lawe daies onely, and those which

have no widowes of late; the other customarie lande is all heriotable, hath widows

of late, and owe suit unto all ye courts of ye said Mannors, and owe suit unto ye anncient

Mills within this Mannor with their Griste.

Margin noteLeases of the Parkes markets and fayres

There is but one Tenant within this mannor which holdes by lease namelie Nicholas

Eveleigh esq, to whose deed wee referrd our selves Neither did wee knowe any other Tenmts

or tenures within or belonging to this Mannor of any other nature then suche as are above

mentioned, saving a Lease of ye Markett and faires which is is extant.

Margin noteMills in fee farme  

The demeasne or Barton land of this Mannor is all demised by Copie, saving the

Parke  which Mr Everleigh holds by Lease which (as they are informed) hath also purcha

Margin note- The orchards  fee fa 7s    

sed in Fee farme of ye Anncient griest Mills, a Tynne mill or Blowing mills

and two peeces of land called ye thorchards conteyning about 6 Acres.

Wee know not anywhere erections upon ye Lords wast, nor any incrochmnts within

this lordship.

Margin note– Comons and  Wastes

The Commons and common of pasture belonging to certaine of ye tennants of

this mannor and usuallie called Higher Downe about 400. Acres, Reedhill Reeda-

ford, Woodhill circa 300. acres, and Boviheathfield, about 250 Acres, wherein ye borough

hath also Common of pasture; as appeareth by their charter, Little Bovieheathfield

or Eastheathfield about. 100. acres; Wee have not knowne any Man within our

memories inclosed  any part of ye said commons.

Margin note- I find intollerable spoyle of timber in this manor  

There are not any Woods underwoods Coppics belonging to this Mannor savinge

s some smaller Groves or Polles of Trees and hedgerowes in severall mens tenmts’tenures

The oaks being Timber Trees which have beene Cutt downe since the beginning of his

Ma[jest]ys   Raigne ( to goe no further) wee cannott justllie number nor estimate theire value

onelie suche as have beene felled have ( as farre as we knowe) been delivered by the

Reeves of ye said Mannor for ye time being unto ye tennants of ye said mannor

for theire necessarie uses about their tenements according to ye Custome, and by them

imploid or to bee imploied accordinglie, the parke onelie  excepted.

Margin note- this custom of 3. lives in revercon is crepte in latelie by one Mr Sowthcote fermer of the manor who began it by graunting the like unto his children and allies when he left the manor, as the tenntes them selves confessed at the beginning of the survey, but now maine of them standinge in daunger in that poynte they strayne themselves to avow it a custome, though apparently it began in R. Eliz time; before Mr Sowthcote had the manor, it was nevere known as I will prove by about 300 anncient rolls.

The custome of ye mannor will beare. 3. lyves in possession and three in Revercon, both for Barton

& customarie land, besides widowes estates of ye customarie land which is heriotable.

Page 3

Bovytracie

Margin note- No custom works.    

There is no Quarrie within this Mannor of Stone or other matter

We knowe no Workes due by the Customarie Tennants, saving ye repairinge of ye Mill

Leat and Headweare, which is still performed or Composition made for ye same with ye Owner of

the Mills.

Margin note- Customs dowbtful

The Perticuler Customs of this Mannor cannott convenientlie bee expressed by us in

Short time, that work requires more Consideration and better delib[er]aton.

There is no Tenement of this Mannor ruined or decayed to our Knowledge saving some

defects in Covering of Howses for wch the Court hath or will take order.

Margin note- Demises wtout  lisence

Richard Stouckey Gent: and Maude Gilbert Widowe have lett their Tenements and

Thomas Potter part of his Tenement without Lycence, but in what manner Wee cannot

informe our selves.

We knowe no Tennant that hath plowed up any Meeres, Land Markes, or Baulkes, or

rooted up any hedge betweene his Free and Coppiholde or leased Lande, nor plowed any Aun-

cient Meadowe to the hurt of ye same, but some for ye bettering thereof.

Touching the sale made by the Contracts; Wee referre you to the viith Article, where wee

have expressed our Knowledge in that point.

Margin note- mills    

The Auncient Custumarie Mills of this Mannor are purchased by Mr Eveleigh

in Fee ferme as above and are nowe in his occupaton; But wee understand there was A

Coppie thereof formerlie graunted to James Eveleigh and Thomas Eveleigh gent; and Wee

thinke them worth lxd per Annum.

Wee Knowe noe Rent or land concealed or deteyned from ye King within this Mannor

onelie John Wolcote helde certaine landes and Howses in the Boroughe with George

 Beares Howse, and one Close with an Orcharde conteyning about Three Acres, One

Tenement in the tenure of Florence Pooke widowe conteyning about half an Acre, one Howse

One Tenement in the tenure of Henry Dayman conteyning about one Acre, one house

and one Garden in the tenure of Richard Wetherden, and one Howse and a Barne, with

Margin note- Rent denyed  

a Garden and about half an Acre of land with in the tenure of Margarett Ellett Widowe

and one Meade called Sopers Meade conteyning about x Acres. For which Severall

Parcells of land and Howses, the Rents (which amounts to viiis per Annum) he denieth to pay.

Margin note- Leete

The King hath a Leete and Lawe day within this Mannor, viz- a viewe of Franckpledge

one for ye Mannor and another for ye Burrough.

Page 4     Bovytracie                                                                                                       

Margin note -Market

There is a Markett on ye Tewsdaie Weekely and Two faires yearelie within ye

Burrough of Bovietracie graunted to one Leonell Battie deceased for xxi yeares which

Tearme is expired; The Revertion thereof as Wee are informed is graunted one Sameuele

Clerke for himself. But for ye more Certainetie Wee referre ourselves to the deede thereof.

Margin note-fayre 

There is also one Auncient Faire yearelie kept within ye said Borough no where there

is not a Charter of Incorporaton to our Knowledge.

Margin note-free warren graunted by copie

The Lord of this Mannor hath a free Warren within ye same; The Conyes partridge

 Pheasants and Fishing are graunted to Thomas Southcot Esqr; by copie  of p[er]p[etuity]

Margin note-The Parke  

the persnall Pearche within this Mannor is 17 foote.

Margin note- Recordes

The Records concerning this Mannor is (crossed out) for ye most parte are in ye Custodie

of the Steward Nicholas Eveleigh Esqr.

There is no Village belonging to this Mannor

Margin note-fees

The Reprises are Fees to the Steward and Bayliff of ye Mannor by Patent and

bi yearelie to ye Reeve of ye Mannor by Custome.

Margin note-Rectory  impropriat vicaredge this parish ll per annum   

The Rectorie is impropriate to ye Kings Majestie and ye Fee ferme thereof solde to

Robert Davies Esqr as Wee are informed; The Viccaredge is in ye Kings Majesties

guift as Wee thinke and is worth about L X Annum.

Margin note- Situacon      

This Mannor lyeth within ye parishes of Bouytracie and Hennick in the

Hundred of Teyngbridge and in ye Deaconarie of Tottnes.

Margin note-Offices of the Manor and Burrowe      

His Highnes Officers Within this Manor are ye Steward Bayliff  Reeve,

and for ye Burrough a Portreeve and a Bayliff  For the Borough are Chosen at

the Lawe daies yearelie after Michaelmas the Portreeve and Bayliff by ye Burgers.

The Reeve for the Mannor doth his office by the turne yearelie.

Margin note- Nearest market townes

The next Markett Townes are Chudleigh distant about 3 Myles, Newton

Busshell about iiii Myles, Moorton Hampsteed about iiii Myles and Ashburton

about 6 Myles.

Margin note- sea

This Mannor is about x ii Myles distant from ye Sea.

Margin note -boundes of the mannor

The moates and boundes of ye Mannor of Bouytracie.

From Jewes Bridge Northwards to A Stone called Shorta Crosse lyinge in

Knighton Heathfield, thence to Woodland corner about half a Myle, thence Northwards to

Page 5

Bovytracie

to Hewishe cross and thence to Blackaler Yeate; about a Mille; Thence Northwards

to Holsford about iii quarters of A Myle; From thence Westward to Shorte Crosse

neare Bottor Yeate about iii Quarters of A Myle; Thence Westward to Furzley

Cross and thence to Bearea brooke about iii quarters of A Myle; Thence North-

wards to a tenement called Aller in the tenure of Thomas Potter, Thence to the

Bowdens Yeate about iii quarters of A Myle; Thence Northwards to Poole

Mill Cross and so to Poole Mill Bridge about half a Myle; Thence Westwards

to Aylisford gate, and thence to Middleton Park and so to Bullaton Howse aboute

3 quarters of a Myle; Thence Southward to Warme pitt Yeate and thence to Wol-

forde Bridge about A myle; From Wolford bridge Westwards to Drakeford bridge

and thence to Venymore about a Myle; Thence Southwards to Yearner Castle, thence

Westwards to / yearner well about a myle and so to / a Stone called ye Horseshooe thence to a place called ye pound about half

a Myle; Thence Southeast Lyneallie by a Home of Stones, and thence to ye Wester

Corner of Osmound Hoores Close called Three Corner Close parcell of ye Tenemente

called Owlacombe about a Myle; Thence Eastward to Whossell Well Crosse about

a Myle; Thence to Charla brooke about half a Myle; Thence Southwards by the

bounds of ye Burrough to Donacote Stone about 3 quarters of A Myle; Thence

Southwards lyneallie from Thrombridges about 3 Quarters of a Myle; From

Thromebridges Eastwards Lyneallie about x vii von foote, On the South East pt of

the Way [ crossed out] Kings highway leading from Plymouth to Exeter to Jewes bridge where wee

begann about three quarters of A myle.

There is one Tenement called Alisford parcell of ye Barton land of this Mannor

and nowe in the occupation of Jon. Burde which is not included within theis boundes.

The bounds of the Burrough of Bouytracie are also comprehended within ye Circuit.

Pages 6, 7, 8 blank.

Page 9

County of Devon

                                                                                                Manor of Bovey Tracey

Rent  12 shillings     John Burd holds by                          [Acres  Rods Perches]

Copy hold certain lands called

Ayliceford [Elsford] of the Barton viz one Small

meadow containing by estimation                                                   0   1   0                                                                         

Broome Parke by estimation                                                             6   0   0

Middle Fursey Parke by estimation                                                 4   0   0

Yonder Furse Parke by estimation                                                   6   0   0

Four closes called Land Score by estimation                               12   0   0

Leze down als[o] P/K?orkparke by estimation                            6   0   0

Total    36 acres  1 rood

Mabilla Burde Josias and Thomas Bird in reversion

Rent   11 shillings 10 pence  Margaret Battie widow

and Richard Battie son

hold by copy one tenement

Customary called Lower Crowndell

orchard garden and curtilage by estimation                                 0   3   0

Meadow called (blank) by estimation                                              2   2   0

Close called Lower Close by

estimation                                                                                               1   2   0

Middle Close below part Venelles

by estimation                                                                                         3   0   0

 

Page 10

Bovie Tracie

Outer Close part venelle

by estimation                                                                                         1   2   0

Close called The Corner Close by

estimation                                                                                              1   2   0

Close called The Dry Hill by

estimation                                                                                              5   1   0

Close called The Clawe by estimation                                              6   0   0

one Close called The Millparke by

estimation                                                                                              4   2   0

one Close called The West parke

by estimation                                                                                         6   0   0

one Close called The West hill

by estimation                                                                                        4   0   0

one Close called Little Parkes by

estimation                                                                                               1   0   0

Copy which he holds under pretext of a Copy by

estimation                                                                                             13   0   0

Total   50 acres 2 roods

Two Lives

Rent 10s 11d                        Robert Bennet

Margin note              heriot 

Holds by Copy one Tenement 

Customary Three orchards Garden and 

Curtelage in Hethercombe by estimation                                        0   3   0

One meadow called Bakehowse

meadowe by estimation                                                                        1   0   0

One Close called The Okey by

estimation                                                                                                1   3   0

Newe Parke by estimation                                                                    1   2   0

Little Brockhall by estimation                                                             1   2   0

Page 11

Bovie Tracie

Ley Close by estimation                                                                         1   2   0

Higher Mill Parke by estimation                                                         2   0   0

The Close by estimation                                                                        3   0   0

Great Brockall by estimation                                                               2   3   0

The Wood by estimation                                                                       2   0   0

The Rowle by estimation                                                                       1   0   0

Little Meade by estimation                                                                   1   0   0

The Cleyne by estimation                                                                      3   0   0

Great Meadowe by estimation                                                              2   1   0

Lower Broome Close by estimation                                                    2   0   0

Bakehowse Parke by estimation                                                          1   0   0

The Downe by estimation                                                                  30   0   0

Total  58 acres 1 rood

Three Lyves

Rent 14s   8½d          Joanna Cove holds by copy

one Tenement called Whitstone

Garden orchard curtilage by 

estimation                                                                                                1   0   0

One close called  Sheepen  p[ar]ke

by estimation                                                                                          2    0   0

One close called Rownda

p[ar]ke  by estimation                                                                           1    2    0

One close called Ffurse P[ar]ke

by estimation                                                                                           5   0   0

Two closes called Ashwell Parke by

estimation                                                                                                 3   1   0

Four closes called Furlonged by

estimation                                                                                               11   0   0

Two meadows below the tenement                                                    2   0   0

Page 12

Bovie Tracie

Grattens by estimation                                                                         6   0   0

The Closes blackthorn [sloe] lands by 

estimation                                                                                              10   0   0

Held in Common called Fursley by

estimation                                                                                             20   0   0

One Close called White-

more by estimation                                                                               6   0   0

One Close called Rode peece

by estimation                                                                                          2   0   0

Total 68 acres 1 rood

Two Lives and a widowed estate

Rent   17s 6d            The Same Joanna holds by  

Copy one Tenement customarily 

called  Beere [with]  an Orchard  a Garden

a Curtelage and a meadow called  Wheatrishe

Meade by estimation                                                                             1   3   0

Clay Parke by estimation                                                                     2   0   0

a Meadow called Langaparke by

estimation                                                                                                1   2   0

Two meadows called  Beere Meade

by estimation                                                                                          2   2   0

Calves Parke by estimation                                                                  1   0   0

Broad a Parke by  estimation                                                               6   0   0

The Cleynes by estimation                                                                  10   0   0

Hill Parke by  estimation                                                                      1   2   0

One piece called The Coddes

by estimation                                                                                          1   0   0

Four Closes called Way Parkes

by estimation                                                                                        12   0   0

Page 13

Bovie Tracie

One Close called Otterishes by

estimation                                                                                                 5   0   0

pasture [held] in common called Fursley

by estimation                                                                                           10   0   0

Close Called The More by 

estimation                                                                                                   2   0   0

Total 56 acres 1 rood

Three Lives and a Widow’s  estate

Rent   20s 6d   WILLIAM  CHRISTOPHER  holds

by Copy one Tenement

customary called Northcombe, two

orchards a Garden and Curtilage by estimation                               2   2   0

Meadow called Greatmeade and a meadow

called Deare Parke by estimation                                                          3   0   0

One Close called Moare Hay

by estimation                                                                                               1   0   0

One Close called Cunney Parke

by estimation                                                                                              5   0   0

One close called The Wyne

by estimation                                                                                              4   0   0

One Close called The  Moare

with The Rolle by estimation                                                                  1   0   0

One Close called behinde the

Barne by estimation                                                                                  2   0   0

The Little Rolle by estimation                                                                 0   2   0

The Lower Parke by estimation                                                              4   0   0

One Meadow called Tarland meade

by estimation                                                                                              0   2   0

Page 14

Bovie Tracie

One Close called Tarland by

estimation                                                                                                  5   0   0

One Close called The Hille

by  estimation                                                                                            4   0   0

One Close called The Gratten

by per estimation                                                                                      3   0   0

One Close called Underhawke

Moare by estimation                                                                               5  0   0

Longa Parke by estimation                                                                    3   2   0

One Close called The broade

Oake and The Leaze by estimation                                                      8   0   0

The  Downe by estimation                                                                     5   0   0

The Rack grounde by estimation                                                          5   0   0

Total 71 acres d 

Three Lives

Rent  11s 3d                Robert Cunant  holds

by Copy one  Tenement in

Hethere Combe an orchard a garden and

a Curtelage by estimation                                                                  0   2   0

One Close called  Scotta

Cliffe by estimation                                                                              2   2   0

Birch hill with a small piece of adjacent meadow by

estimation                                                                                               2   0   0

Meadow called Aller Meade by

estimation                                                                                               1   2   0

Meadow called  Great Meade by

estimation                                                                                               2   0   0

Meadow called Higher Meade by

 estimation                                                                                              1   0   0

Page 15 

Bovie Tracie

Close called Higher Cleave by  estimation                                      3   0   0

Broada Parke by estimation                                                              4   0   0

Middle Parke by estimation                                                               3   0   0

Three Closes called Brockhole

by estimation                                                                                         6   0   0

The enclosed  Downes  by estimation                                             28   0   0

Total 53 acres d

Three Lives

Rent 10s 11d  John  Dreyton holds by 

Copy one Tenement called 

Hale, Garden  Orchard and

Curtelage by estimation                                                                     0   3   0

Meadow called Eastmeade by estimation                                       1   2   0

Meadow called Long Meade

by estimation                                                                                         0   3   0

One Close called Middle

Parke by estimation                                                                             6   0   0

One Close called  South Hille

by estimation                                                                                        3   0   0

One Close called Little Hille

by estimation                                                                                        1   2   0

One Close called Northparke

by estimation                                                                                        5   0   0

One Close called Little Bottom

by estimation                                                                                        2   1   0

Page 16

Bovie Tracie

Two closes called Wester and Easter

Bottom by estimation                                                                          5   2   0

One close called Higher Parke

by  estimation                                                                                        6   2   0

One close called East Hille by

estimation                                                                                               2   1   0

One close called The  Common by

estimation                                                                                             20   0   0

Total 60 acres D

For chaunge of one life. £10  that is John Drayton

Junior and Elizabeth his wife £5  this Audit and £5 at Michaelmas

1613

Rent £12 1s              NICHOLAS EVELEY  Knight

Holds a vineyard or wine enclosure

with a new House built above three

Orchards a garden a Curtelage with

one plantation or a Hop Yarde containing

in all by estimatoem                                                                             6   0   0

two Marshes called The sHootinge

Marshes by estimation                                                                      16   o   0

One Close adjoining the lower Gate 

by estimation                                                                                         1   0   0

Meadow called Long Meadowe by

 estimation                                                                                              3   0   0

Close called Inner and  owter Shermans

Close by estimation                                                                              8   0   0

Part of a Close or Croft next to Higher 

Gate by estimation                                                                               1   0   0

Close called Pond Moore by estimation                                          6   0   0

Page 17

Bovy Tracie

One Close called The Soaley

Moore by estimation                                                                          9   2   0

Meadow below the House by estimation                                       4    0   0

One Close called or Wheate  Marshe Clapper Marsh

by per estsimation                                                                              9   2   0

Close called Lower Moare by

estimation                                                                                            2   2   0

Close called Wheate Marshe

by  estimation                                                                                      3   2   0

One Close called Roade Close

by estimation                                                                                       3   2   0

One Close called Higher Roade

Close by estimation                                                                            3   2   0

The Hill and Woodland by estimation                                         30   0   0

beyond the Stream

One Close called Higher P[ar]ke

15 Close by estimation                                                                       8   0   0

One Close called Furseclose

Close by estimation                                                                           4   0   0

One Close called Middle

Moare by estimation                                                                          4   0   0

One Close called Lower Moare

by estimation                                                                                      6   0   0

One Close called Clam Close

by estimation                                                                                      3   3   0

Close called Peterhill Close by

estimation                                                                                            2   2   0

One Close called Lower Peter

Hill Close by estimation                                                                    2   2   0

Close called Wair Close by estimation                                           4   0   0

Page 18

Bovy Tracie

One Close next to The Wair

Close by estimation                                                                           4   0   0

Meadow which lies Across The Stream

by estimation                                                                                       2   2   0

Total 144 acres d 

The Same Nicholas holds

by Indenture giving  Etc  Issues

profits of the Market held in the Town

and Borough  of of Bovietracye on Tuesday

and any seven Regular days      Viiis

Annually  which will be  Held in place for a Term of 31

Years on the Feast of the Annunciation

Which will be the Year of Our Lord 1614

by Annual Rent

8s

Rent 10s 11d   Joanna French Widow

holds by copy  lasting the state of her widowhood

one Customary Tenement called

Hether Combe, two Orchards, two 

Croft and two Meadows by estimation                                       5   3   0

Weston Parke by estimation                                                           2   0   0

Arrishes a Hole by estimation                                                        0   2   0

two   Closes called Brownings by

estimation                                                                                           5   0   0

The Gratton by estimation                                                              3   2   0

James Durrowe by estimation                                                       2   0   0

Higher Splotsford by estimation                                                   2   0   0

Lower Splotsforde by estimation                                                  2   0   0

Page 19 

Bovy Tracie

Manna Cley by estimation                                                              2   2   0

The Meere by estimation                                                                0   2   0

Barley Parke by estimation                                                             0   2   0

Hather Downe by estimation                                                        40  0   0

Total note 66 acres 1 rood

Peter Frenche at the age of 46 yeares in Reversion

and John Frenche 50 yeares in Reversion

Rent 12s  Matilda Gilbert holds

by copy One Tenement and

Land of the Barton, viz. one Tenement

in West Bovie, Orchard Curtelage

and Close called Smithe Hay with

a Barn above the building Containing in all

by estimation                                                                                     1   0   0

Two Closes called Lower and Higher

Parke by estimation                                                                         4   0   0

One Close called Gole

Parke by estimation                                                                         2   0   0

Aller Parke by estimation                                                                1   0   0

Middle Parke by estimation                                                            1   2   0

Birchen Parke by estimation                                                           2   0   0

The  Moare by estimation                                                                3   0   0

One Meadow called West a Bovie

Meadowe by estimation                                                                    4   0   0

George Hore, Susanna [his] wife

Total 43 acres 3 roods

Page 20

Bovie  Tracie

Rent  9s 8d        THOMAS HART holds by

Copy of the Barton, one Close

land and meadow called Sopers under towne

by  estimation                                                                                     8   0   0

John and William Hart  25 years

Total  8 acres

Rent  16s 7d            ELIZABETH HEALE widow

lately Tappers holds by Copy one

Tenement in Little Bovie called

Two tenures and garden with 

Four Closes and Croft adjoining

by estimation                                                                                     4   0   0

One Close called Lower Aller

by estimation                                                                                      1   3   0

Scottwaye by estimation                                                                  1   1   0

Meadowe over Bovie by estimation                                               3   0   0

Broome Parke by estimation                                                           5   1   0

One Meadow called Higher Allers

by estimation                                                                                      3   0   0

Middle Parke by estimation                                                            6   0   0

Lower BroomE hill by estimation                                                  6   1   0

Higher Broome Hill by estimation                                                3  0   0

Calven Parke by estimation                                                             3   0   0

Small Parke by estimation                                                               1   2   0

Ferne Parke by estimation                                                               4   3   0

Gribble Parke by estimation                                                            2   0   0

White Oke by estimation                                                                  2   2   0

Higher Furlong by estimation                                                         2   2   0

James  Evelerg gent 3 lives

Total  55 acres 3 roods

Page 21

Bovy Tracie

Rent 11s 3d John Harris holds by

Copy one Tenement by Custom

called Higher Cridford orchard garden

and  Curtelage by estimation                                                         0   3   0

One meadow called The  Loer Containing

by  estimation                                                                                    1   0   0

One close called Ye Crocke

by estimation                                                                                     0   2   0

Close called above ye Howse by

estimation                                                                                           2   0   0

West Hay by estimation                                                                   1   2   0

Two closes called The Bovetownes by

estimation                                                                                           3   3   0

East Townes by estimation                                                             6   0   0

Ff  lond a More by  estimation                                                        2   2   0

Birchen Hay by estimation                                                              2   0   0

Little Rolle by estimation                                                                 0   2   0

The Aller Beare by  estimation                                                        1   0   0

Close called The Hill by estimation                                                1   2   0

Close called Melland by estimation                                                1   0   0

Higher Towne by estimation                                                         16   0   0

Total 40 acres

ROBERT CONNANT 50 years in Revertion

Rent 13s 5d  Walter Hart holds 

by copy by right of his late wife Serridge

one Tenement orchard Garden and

Curtelage called Charle a Brook

by estimation                                                                                      1   0   0

Great Ditche

Page 22

Bovy Tracie

Great Ditche Slade by  estimation                                                   7   0   0

Sunny Parke Moare by estimation                                                  1   2   0

Sunny Parke by estimation                                                               7   0   0

Broad Parke by estimation                                                              10   0   0

Ferne Parke by estimation                                                                3   0   0

Wale Meade by estimation                                                                1   0   0

One Close called Broadneighe

by estimation                                                                                        2   0   0

One Meadow called behinde the

Barne by estimation                                                                            2   0   0

The Gratton by estimation                                                                 3   0   0

Newe Parke by estimation                                                                10   0   0

The Brake by estimation                                                                     6   0   0

The Moare by estimation                                                                    7   0   0

The Rix Plott by estimation                                                                1   2   0

Calven a Parke by estimation

Two Lives

Total 62 acres rood

Rent 13s 10d       Stenelta Moar widow

holds by Copy one Tenement

With Garden lying  next to the Barn

Border with the barn of the Barton

and One Close of the Barton called

Furse Parke by estimation                                                              3   0   0

Three meadow closes called Drake

Wille and The Little Close by estimation                                     3   0   0

Middle Close by estimation                                                             1   0   0

Broad Closes by estimation                                                             1   3   0

Long Mead two Closes by estimation                                            2   2   0

Willm Moore and Mary Caseley in Revertion

Total 11 acres

Page 23

Bovy Tracie

Rent 11s 4d Katherine Merdon

Holds by Copy one Tenement

Customary orchard Garden and Curtelage

called Lower Credford Containing by                                          0   2   0

estimation

One Meadow called Forse meadow

by estimation                                                                                     2   2   0

Meadow called The Bowshoote by                                                                                      

estimation                                                                                           0   3   0                                                                                              

One Close called The Allere                                                             5   0   0                                       

Barley Parke by estimation                                                             1   2   0                                                                                

Close called The Parke by estimation                                           1   2   0

One Close called Bove towne

by estimation                                                                                     7   0   0                                                                                                       

Broome Parke by estimation                                                          3   0   0                                                           

Longa Downe by estimation                                                            4   0   0

Out of The Common by estimation                                             20   0   0

Margin note 44 acres 3 roods

Two Lives viz. 55 and 25

Rent 30s 10d Johanna Merdon widow

Holds by Copy one Tenement

Called Hawkemore Orchard

Curtelage with Croft called The Letonnge

Containing by estimation                                                                1   2   0                                                         

One Close called Easter Parke

Nearby the House by estimation                                                   12   0   0

Adjacent Close called Balatour by

estimation                                                                                           16   0   o

                                                                                                                                         Close

Page 24 

Bovy Tracie

One Close called Long Stick

by estimation                                                                                    8   0   o

Fursen Hill by estimation                                                             16   0   0

The Gratten by estimation                                                            12   0   0

One Close called Powlemall

Parke by estimation                                                                        10   0   0

Chappelle Ley by estimation                                                         16   0   0

Bove Hay by estimation                                                                  6   0   0

Close called Bowndes by estimation                                           10   0   0

Close called Catte ter by estimation                                            12  0   0

Close called Singe Moare by

estimation                                                                                           7   0   0

Meadow called Potta Meade by

estimation                                                                                          4   0   0

Bove Slade by estimation                                                               6   0   0

Close called Heswell by estimation                                              2  0   0

Another Meadow called Potta Meade

by estimation                                                                                    5   0   0

Another Close called Bove Slade by

estimation                                                                                         4   0   0

One Close called Wester Parke

by estimation                                                                                   4   0   0

Another Close called Wester Parke

by estimation                                                                                   5   0   0

Meadow nearby by estimation                                                   4   0   0

Widowes estate and two Lyves in possession and one in

Revertion viz: Thomas and John Merdon and Robert

Connant in Revertion to change. Mr Connantes life for the

life of Allexander her sonne and giveth at 3 payments

£40

Total 167 acres rood

Page 25

Bovie Tracie

Rent 10s 3d Richard Osbourne

Holds by copy by right of his Wife one

Tenement of the Barton called

Steekeweeke Garden Curtelaage

and Orchard by estimation                                                         0   3   0

Two Closes called Pittlande by

estimation                                                                                       6   2   0

Fearne Parke by estimation                                                        2   0   0

One Close called Beare

Parke by estimation                                                                      2   1   0

Two Closes called The Downes by         

estimation                                                                                       7   0  0

One Close called above ye May

by estimation                                                                                 3   0   0

Barley Parke by estimation                                                         0   3   0

One Close called ye Rowle

by estimation                                                                                 0   2   0

Broome Parke and the Moare by

estimation                                                                                       1   0   0

The Watring Place Close by

estimation                                                                                       1   0   0

Total 25 acres

3 Lyves. Richard and John Osbourne in Revertion

Rent 9s 4d     John  Pinsent holds by

Copy of the Barton one Tenement  

called Combe Parke two Gardens

and Curtelage by estimation                                                    0   2   0

One Meadow called The Moare  now divided

once two by estimation                                                              2   0   0

Page 26

Bovie Tracie

Hill Parke by estimation                                                             1   3   0

.One Close once Two

by estimation                                                                                2   2   0

Little Close next to the Yate by

estimation                                                                                      1  0   0

Total 7 acres 3 roods

2 lyves. John Pinsent 26 and John Berriman in revertion

Margin note forferture      Memorand[um]that Pooke  hath lett this for 20 yeares

by Lease without Lyncence and stocked up ye hedges

Rent 10s 3d  Richard Potter Holds

By Copy one Custumary Tenement

called Steekeweeke Orchard Garden

and Curtelage by estimation                                                      1   1   0

Two Meadows by estimation                                                     1   2   0

Close called The Rowle by

estimation                                                                                       0   2   0

One Close called The Moare

by estimation                                                                                 2   0   0

Great Parke by estimation                                                          3   0   0

Broome Parke by estimation                                                      3   0   0

The Downe by estimation                                                           6   0   0

Two Closes called Pitland by

estimation                                                                                      4   0   0

Widowes estate & one Life

Robert Potter and Beniamyn Leache in revertion

Total  21 acres 1 rood

Page 27

Bovie Tracie 

Rent 16s 7¼d John Pinsent holds

by Copy one Tenement

by Custom  Orchard Garden

and Curtelage called Combe containing by

estimation                                                                                     1   2   0

 Meadow called Greate Meade by

estimation                                                                                     3   2   0

Meadow called Aller Meade by

Estimation                                                                                     1   2   0

The White Parke containing

By estimation                                                                               3   0   0

Higher White Parke containing

By estimation                                                                               3   0   0

The Hill by estimation                                                                3   0   0

The Cleyffe by estimation                                                          3   0   0

Casseldon by estimation                                                            5   0   0

Lower Casseldon by estimation                                               5   0   0

 by estimation                                                                              6   0   0

Broad a Parke by estimation                                                   6   0   0

Ffurze Parke by estimation                                                      4   0   0

Badge Moare uncultivated containing by

estimation                                                                                      7   0   0

Broad a Parke Close Containing by

estimation

The Ffurther Downe uncultivated Containing   by

estimation                                                                                   20   0   0

Tellars Parke by estimation                                                      3   0   0

Higher Tellars Parke containing by

by estimation by                                                                        4   0   0

Page 28

Bovie Tracie

Middle Parke Containing by

Estimation                                                                                  3   1   0

Higher Parke Containing by

Estimation                                                                                  4   0   0

Easter Parke by estimation                                                     4   0   0

Ffludd a Parke by estimation                                                 8   0   0

The Little Rolle by estimation                                               4   2   0

Total 90 acres 0 roods

Two lives in possession

Three lives in Revertion

Memorand[um] that Mr Robert Conant hath compounded

to exchaunge 3 Lyves for 3 Lyves in Revertion of Two Lives, and

is to [have) gyve at 3 payments xxx annually

Rent 13s      Thomas Pinsent

[and] his wife and Geoffrey Christopher

hold by Copy one Tenement

Called Hatherley Orchard Garden

and Curtelage by estimation                                                    1   1   0

Little Meadowe by estimation                                                  1   0   0

One Meadow called Short Meadowe

by estimation                                                                                2   1   0

One Close Called Blackett

Ashe by estimation                                                                      1   0   0

One Close called Conny Parke

by estimation                                                                                2   0   0

Langa Lande by estimation                                                       4   1   0

 

Page 29  Bovie Tracie

The Ball by estimation                                                                1   1   0

Higher Downe by estimation                                                    5   0   0

One Close called Ellicombe by

estimation                                                                                     2   2   0

The Gratton by estimation                                                        2   1   0

Bove Towne by estimation                                                        5   0   0

One Close called Yonderley by

estimation                                                                                    2   0   0

One Close called Fimerley by

estimation                                                                                    4   0   0

One Close called Underdowne

by estimation                                                                               1   2   0

Total 35 acres

3 Lyves

Rent 19s 10 ½d Peter Perin holds by Copy

one Tenement called Fforde

Garden Orchard and curtelage by

estimation                                                                                    1   0   0

Meadow called The Greate Meade

by estimation                                                                              4   0   0

Meadow called Stiller Meade containing

by estimation                                                                              2   0   0

One Close called The Ley

containing by estimation                                                         3   1   0

One Close called Shorte a

Parke by estimation                                                                  4   0   0

One Close called Willand by estimation                               6   0   0

Page 30

Bovy Tracie

Bovy Tracie

One Close called FFurze Cliff

by estimation                                                                           3   0   0

Close called Easter Cleyff by

estimation                                                                                  5   0   0

One close called Lang Hay

by estimation                                                                            1   0   0

One Close called Little Parke

by estimation                                                                           1   1   0

One Close called The Moare

by estimation                                                                           1   0   0

One Close called Easter Marsh

by estimation                                                                          4   0   0

One Close called Higher Marsh

by estimation                                                                         4   0   0

One Close called Ketta meade

by estimation                                                                         4   0   0

One Close called Lower Marshe

by estimation                                                                         4   0   0

One Close called Blackamore

 by estimation                                                                        2   1   0

One Close called Ffurlonge

by estimation                                                                        4   0   0

One Close called Gall Downe

by estimation                                                                       25    0   0

Three lyves

Total  76 acres  rood                                                                                                                                 Thomas [editor’s note-continues]

Page 31

Bovy Tracie

Rent 10s 5d Thomas Potter holds by

Copy one Tenement in Aller

Garden Orchard and Curtelage

by estimation                                                                            1   2   0

One Close called Cunny Parke

by estimation                                                                            4   0   0

One Close called The Moare

by estimation                                                                             2   0   0

One Close called The Downe

by estimation                                                                            4   0   0

One Close called The Hill from out of

the house placed opposite                                                      2   0   0

Three Closes called Crownaford

by estimation                                                                            6   0   0

One Close called Middle p[ar]ke

by estimation                                                                            5   0   0

One Close called Langa Parke

by estimation                                                                            4   1   0

One Close called Meade wully

by estimation                                                                            2   1   0

One Meadow called……………..[editor’s note-left blank]

by estimation                                                                            2   3   0

One Close called Little Hill

by estimation                                                                            0   3   0

One Life

Total  24 acres rood

Page 32 

 Bovy Tracie

Rent 17s 6d Peter Parr holds by

Copy one Tenement Called

Warmhills, Three [pleasure] gardens and

Curtelage by estimation                                                    2   2   0

Close called Shorta Parke by                                            4   0   0

estimation

Close Called Blackaller by

estimation                                                                            3   0   0

Middle Parke by estimation                                             1   0   0

One Close with the Pound Howse

Garden by estimation                                                       1   0   0

One piece next to Greenhill

by estimation                                                                     0   0   6

Part Close called The Moare

by estimation                                                                     1   0   0

Shortland by estimation                                                 3   0   0

The Downe by estimation                                              4   2   0

Close called The Cleyne containing

by estimation                                                                    3   0   0

Longe beare Knowle by estimate                                2   2    0

Howle Hill by estimation                                              3   0    0

The Mill Peece by estimation                                       6   0    0

One Close called Mare p[ar]ke                                    3   0    0

Broome Parke by estimation                                       1   2    0

Mare Parke Meade by estimation                              1   0     0

Long Meade by estimation                                          2   0    0

Total 43 acres

Christiana, Thomas Parr, and Joana Parr

Page 33

Bovie Tracie

Rent 40s                                                                   Thomas Sowthcote

This being demeisnes the olde                   The Elder gentleman holds by Copy

site of the manor and held by copie                        of the Barton two Closes Land called The

was by the combination of the stewarde                Orchards by estimation    6   0   0

and the ten[a]nte paste by the contractors

for mills under couler of an olde de-

cayed tynn mill not in charge and

since conveyd by the same contractors

to the stew[ard]. who again conveyde it to

another, and I having questioned the

same the former tenant by copie finding

there fraude will not stand good, pretends

to holde it again by copie it is worth

per annum £10 See fu? Sigulla 

 Total 6 acres

The Same Thomas holds by Another Copy

Three Closes of the Barton called Newe

Parke, Mowe Parke and Clapper Close

by estimation                                                          17   2   0

Two Closes called Hethercombe Parke

by estimation                                                           5   0   0

One pleasure garden in the Town of Bovie

not far from the Church now Converted

into Habitable Buildings                                       0   1   0

Total 22 acres 3 roods

3 Lyves

Rent 8s 8d Arthur Southcot Knight

holds by Copy of the Barton called

Undertowne Four Closes of land

Called Bucks Close with a meadow

by estimation                                                         15   1    0

William and Thomas Southcote junior

Total 15 acres 1 rood

Rent 10s 3d  William Soper and Gregory Wreyford

hold by Copy one Tenement called Warm

pit Garden orchard and Curtelage by

estimation   1-1-0

Page 34

Bovy Tracie

One meadow on the Western side

of the House by estimation                             1   2   0

One Meadow called Barley Sheefe

by estimation                                                     1   2   0

One Meadow called Cleiff meadow

by estimation                                                    0   3   0

One Close called The Moare

by estimation                                                    2   3   0

One Close called Wester Parke

by estimation                                                    2    1   0

One Close called Lane Close

by estimation                                                    3   0   0

One Close called The Gratton

by estimation                                                     1   1   0

One Close called The Cleiff

by estimation                                                     2   1   0

One Close called Higher Shartridge

by estimation                                                    2   2   0

One Close called The Lower Shortridge

by estimation                                                    2   3   0

One Close called Middle Close

by estimation                                                    3   1   0

Two Closes called Lania Parkes by

estimation                                                         6   0   0

Two Closes called Middle Parkes

by estimation                                                   4    2   0

One Close called Semes mill

by estimation                                                   1   0    0

Page 35 

Bovy Tracie

One Close called Crowste

by estimation                                                  0   3   3

One Close called Enapull by

estimation                                                       2   1   0

Close called The Rowle by estimation      3   0   0

Two Closes called Little Parke by

and Beardell Parke by estimation             0   3   0

Total 43 acres 1 rood

Two Lyves

Rent 53s Thomas Sweete by right of his wife

holds by Copy of the Barton, one

Tenement existing of a Barn and

Curtelage by estimation                              0   0   2

Two Closes of land The biberies

by estimation                                                 8   0   0

Two Closes called Spiricks p[ar]ke

and Spiruxe meadowe by estimation       9   2   0

Bove town by estimation                            5   2   0

Combe Parke and Combe Meade with

Gronett Arbor by estimation                   10   3   0

Broade Parke by estimation                      6   0   0

Two Closes called Ffurzes p[ar]kes

by estimation                                               5   1    0

One Close called Biberie

by estimation                                               4   0   0

Total 49 acres

2 Lyves

William Bartlett in Revertion

Page 36

Bovy Tracie

Rent 4s Thomas Steere holds by

Copy of the Barton Four

Closes of land called Little Salridge

low lying containing by estimation      6   0   0

Total 6 acres

2 Lyves

Marie wife and David son

Rent 16s 4d William Sprey holds by

Copy by right of his wife one Tenement

by Custom called Higher Crowndell orchard

Curtelage and Garden by estimation      6   0   0

Rayle Parke by estimation                          5   0   0

Combe Parke by estimation                       6   0   0

Newe Parke by estimation                          3   0   0

Two Closes called Cole a Parke by

estimation                                                      4   1   0

The Gratten by estimation                         7   0   0

Butt Parke by estimation                           3   0   0

Long Parke by estimation                          6   0   0

Lombe Hay by estimation                         4   0   0

The Little Meadow and the little Rowle

by estimation                                                2   2   0

A Fourth part of the Common Called

Fforley Common by estimation               10   0   0

Total  51 acres 3 roods

Two Lyves

Rent 34s John Skerdon holds one

Tenement pleasure garden, orchard curtelage called

Pola Brooke by estimation                       1   0   0

Page 37

Bovy Tracie

Honie meade contains by estimation   2   0   0

Will Parke by estimation                         2   0   0

Polle a Brooke Meade by

estimation                                                  2   0   0

Buckmore by estimation                        4   0   0

Two Closes called Innercombe

by estimation                                           4   0   0

Calves Parke by estimation                   1   0   0

Easter Towne by estimation                 4   0   0

Clapper Marshe by estimation             4   1    0

The Gratten by estimation                    5   0   0

Little Marshe by estimation                 2   0   0

The Golls by estimation                         3   0   0

Goll Parke by estimation                       4   1    0

Fferne a Parke by estimation               2   0   0

Longe Marshe by estimation               4   0   0

The Wood by estimation                      6   0   0

Hill Parke by estimation                      5   0   0

Ffursey Hill by estimation                 19   0   0

The Hill by estimation                        10   0   0

The Indowne by estimation              30   0   0

Held in Common

Two grist mills and one The Tann

Mill with Water Course

Margin note 112 acres and the mill besides

3 Lyves

Rent 14s 2d Andrea Shapeley holds one

Customary Tenementum called Dunley orchard

Garden and Curteladge by estimation  1   1   0

Page 38

Bovy Tracie

One adjacent Field Containing

by estimation                                            1   2   0

Great Parke by estimation                    8   0   0

Little Parke by estimation                     1   0   0

Crosse Parke by estimation                  3   0   0

Long Parke by estimation                     4   0   0

The Wood by estimation                       2   1   0

Newe Parke by estimation                    4   0   0

Cunny Parke by estimation                  3   0   0

The Downe by estimation                     4   0   0

Lower Downe by estimation                3   0   0

The Heathfield by estimation             17 5  0 0

Little Parke next to Longa Parke

by estimation                                          1   0   0

One other Close called Heathfield

by estimation                                         17   0   0

One Close called The Hill

by estimation                                         2    0   0

60 acres

3 Lyves

George Dunley and William Furse in Revertion

of Skapley

 

Rent 14s  Richard Stuckey and

Bartholomew his brother

hold by Copy of the Barton one

Close called Saulridge Heyes

by estimation                                        4   0   0

 

Page 39

Bovy Tracie

The Way Close by estimation          5   0   0

The Ley Parke by estimation           4   0   0

Hill Parke by estimation                   3   0   0

Long Close by estimation                 2   0   0

Great Parke by estimation               4   2   0

Ffurse Parke by estimation              3   0   0

Fferna Parke by estimation              2   1   0

Sauldridge Downe by estimation     2   0   0

Communal pasture

Total 47 acres

2 Lyves

Margin note This was lately graunted by

copie in Queen Eliz[abeth’s reign] since Mr Sowthcote

beinge fermer of the manor.

Rent  20s   Sir Thomas Southcot

holds by Copy Free Warren and

and [editor’s note -sic] the right to fish

and Rent Sir William Soper unknown land

Rent 20d  Anna Serredge holds by

Copy One piece of Land of

The Barton called Chorlebrooke Moare

by estimation                                    16   0   0

3 Lyves

Rent 13s 10d  The Same Woman  holds by Copy One  

Cottage, orchard, Garden and meadow

adjoining by estimation   2 0 0

Total 18 acres

3 Lyves

 

Page 40

Bovy Tracie

Rent  10s 2d Margaret Topley widow

Holds by Copy One Tenement

Called Colehowse by Custom Orchard

Curtelage and barn by estimation       0   2   0

One piece of land called Cole a ball by

estimation                                                 20   0   0

One Meadow called  …… [editor’s note space left blank] by

estimation                                                   3   0   0

Four Closes above the Tenement

viz Broad a Parke, West Parke

and The Higher Grounde Containing by

estimation                                                 12   0   0

Five other Closes called Longa

Parke, Barley Parke, and the  little

Parke and two Moors by estimation   5   0   0

The Downe by estimation                     12   0   0

Total 52 acres d

By Widowhood and 3 Lyves

Michael and Eliane in Revertion

Rent  40s     William Veysey and

Maria His Wife hold by Copy of the

Barton called Scottwaye and Bove

Towne and one Close called

Lower Parke by estimation                 3   0   0

Oke Parke by estimation                     4   0   0

Kode Parke by estimation                   3   0   0

Broade Parke by estimation                5   2   0

Higher Parke by estimation                 2   0   0

 

Page 41

Bovie Tracie 

Rix  Parke by estimation                         3   1   0

Ducken a Parke by estimation               4   1   0

Meadow called Scotway yate by

estimation                                                   3   0   0

Longe Meadowe by estimation               5   2   0

Longe Marshe by estimation                   9   0   0

Quene a Parke by estimation                  4   0   0

Little Meade by estimation                      1   3   0

Meadow called Crooke by estimation   3   0   0

Petherickes Parke by estimation            3   2   0

Pinsons Parke by estimation                   5   0   0

Total 60 acres

5 Lyves

Memorandum that it is said that three of the Southcotes have the

Revertion after two Lives in possession

Arthure William and Sir Thomas Sowthcot Junior

contrarie to the Custume

Rent 5s John Valence

Holds by Copy one Tenement

By Custom called Crowde orchard garden

And Curtelage by estimation                0   2   0

One Meadow called Little Bovie

Meade by estimation                              1   2   0

Dix  Parke by estimation                       1   2   0

Little Parke by estimation                    1   2   0

Greate Parke by estimation                  2   2   0

Calven a Parke by estimation              2   2   0

Middle Parke by estimation                1   2   0

North Parke by estimation                  2   0   0

Combe Parke by estimation                1   2   0

 

Page 42

Bovie Tracie

The Somer Close by estimation                2   2   0

Total 17 acres d

2 Lyves

John and Maria his sister

Rent 27s  2¼d Nicholas Veysey holds

by Copy one Tenement

Custumary called Luscombe orchard

Garden and Curtelage by estimation        1   0   0

One Close called Dunley by

estimation                                                      12   0   0

Higher Downe by estimation                    10   0   0

Middle Downe by estimatiion                     7   0   0

Little Parke by estimation                           8   0   0

Great Ellake by estimation                         18   0   0

Wester Ellake by estimation                        6   0   0

Two Closes called Hille containing                      

by estimation                                                6   1   0

Bark a Downe by estimation                      6   2   0

One Close called Under Crede-

ford by estimation                                        5   2   0

Ivy Parke by estimation                              5   0   0

Broome Parke by estimation                     3   0   0

Luscombe                                                    1   2   0

Longa Brooke meade and Barley

Parke by estimation                                    1   2  0

Long meade by estimation                         3   0   0

Rudge Meade by estimation                      3   0   0

Total 86 acres 3 roods

Margin note  2 Lyves in beeing  Revertion conceded Osmund Hore, Robert Conant and John Serredge.

Page 43

Bovie Tracie

Rent 6s  8d William Wallyn by right of his wife

[and] Elizabeth his wife they hold of the Barton by  

Copy one Tenement in the Countryside

by estimation                                              0   0   6

Five closes called The More

Hayes by estimation                                   9   2   0

Total 9 acres rood 6 perches

4 lyves

Elizabeth Wallen, Richard Leer John Leer and

Joan Drayton – contrarie to custume

Rent  6s 8d Robert Wotton

Margaret and Maria

His wife and daughter hold by Copy one

clausum called Fferland containing

by estimation                                              3   0   0

Middle Parke                                              3   0   0

Longa Parke                                                3   0   0

Easter Parke                                                1   2   0

Barley Parke                                                1   0   0

Two Closes called Okebeere by

estimation                                                   4   0   0

Ffurse Close by estimation                      3   0   0

One Close in the Eastern part

of The Lane by estimation                       1   2   0

Three Corner Close per estimation        0   1   0

Total 20 acres 1 rood

3 Lyves

Hugo

Page 44

Bovie Tracie

Rent for the tenement 24s 2d for the copy 6d  Hugo Wallies Holds

by Copy one Tenement and  

Barton Land called Ffive wiches

Orchard Garden and Curtelage by

estimation                                                1   0   0

One meadow by estimation                 3   0   0

Meadowe Parke by estimation            3   0   0

Barton Parke by estimation                 1   0   0

The Moarke by estimation                   2   2   0

Dotslade by estimation                        3   0   0

South Parke by estimation                  6   0   0

Little Errish by estimation                  1   0   0

Two Closes called Langa Parke by

 estimation                                              7   0   0

Lombe Parke by estimation                3   0   0

Middle Parke by estimation                2   0   0

Little Parke by estimation                   1   0   0

Three Closes called Great Parkes

by estimation                                         8   2   0

Close called The Hayes by estimation 4   0   0

Rock Parke by estimation                    6   0   0

Total 52 acres

Common above Woodhill and Reddhille

3 Lyves

Rent   20s 6d                  Thomas Southcott Gent

Holds by Copy one Tenement

Called Westford Orchard Garden and

Curtelage by estimation                      0   3   0

Page 45 

Bovie Tracie

One Meadowe called Wellockes

Meade by estimation                            3   2   0

Two Closes called North Parkes

by estimation                                          3   2   0

One Close called The Moare by

estimation                                                3   0   0

One Close called The Ley and The

Heathfield Parke by estimation           6   0   0

One Close called The Errishe

by estimation                                          3   2   0

Close called The Parke by

estimation                                                2   2   0

Three small Closes called The Poundes

by estimation                                           1   0   0

Curtelage and orchard by estimation   1   0   0

Barley Parke by estimation                    1   0   0

Great Parke by estimation                       5   1   0

Close next to Heathfield Yate by

estimation                                                   2   0   0

The Underleete and Thorny lands by

estimation                                                   3   0   0

Longa Parke with Alnet by

estimation                                                   3   0   0

Round a Marshe by estimation               3   0   0

Little Parke by estimation                         0   2   0

Lower Meadowe by estimation                 2   3   0

Alnet by estimation                                      1   0   0

Higher Meade by estimation                      3   0   0

Page 46 

Bovie Tracie

Colten a Parke by estimation                        1   0   0

Close called Rye Land by estimation           6   0   0

Total 54 acres 3 roods

Common pasture in The Heathfield

 You ask whether it is in the hands of the Chief man because it is conceded

against custom

for the time period of 8 lives

3 Lives

Rent 22s 8d John Wills and

his son Michael and Hele-

-na his wife the said Michael holds by

Copy of the Barton a Tenement

Called Little Deere a Parke orchard

Garden and curtilage Containing by

estimation                                                        0   3   0

One Close next to the Cemetery

by estimation                                                  1   3   0

Close called Pery Parke by

estimation                                                       2   0   0

Hill Parke by estimation                              3   0   0

Lower and Higher Furse Parke Containing

by estimation                                                  7   0   0

The Gratton by estimation                            4   0   0

Long Parke by estimation                             3   0   0

Hill Parke by estimation                                3   0   0

Higher Bove Town Containing

by estimation                                                   2   0   0

Lower Bove Town Containing

by estimation                                                    2   1   0

 

Page 47

Bovie Tracie

Bakehowse Parke by estimation               1   0   0

Little Parke by estimation                           1   0   0

Total 30 acres 3 roods

3 Lives

Free Tenants of Bovie Tracie in the same place

George  Townsend                                      2s

Christopher  Pillip                                      12d

Sum 3s

Sum of the Customary Rents Contains

each year £38 5d

Sum of the free and Customary rents  £38 3s 5d 

It should be £47 6s  ½d

fee farm of the park £12 5s  

In total                                                            = £49

with the fee farm of the markets 6s 6d = 17s 1d                                               

Rent of the Borough thereafter

The Number of Customary Acres 2326 acres ultimatley

The waste ground contains by estimation 1050 acres ultimately

Yarner Wood  Yarner

downe and Owle a coombe

Farme by estimation 400 acres

Thus this Whole of the manor in land

of whichever kind = 3374 acres

Borough of Bovey Tracey

Page 48

Rental of Borough of Bovy Tracey: namely

Sir Thomas Sowthcote  for the borough 10s 6 ½d

Thomas Gilbert gentleman  12s 6d

Matilda Gilbert widow 12d

John Hillman gerntleman  27s 6d

Edward Harte gentleman 7s 4d

Thomas Hart 8s 8d

George Harte

}= viz

John Preston

Walter Furseland gentleman 2s

Laurence Voysie 4s 4d

John Wolcote 6d

The same John 6d

Robertus Parr 10s 8d

William Langworthye 2s 4d 

William Hore 6s

John Wulcote 8s

Henry Tottye gentleman 7s

Thomas Hylman 7s 4d

Phillip Wescote 4s 6d

William Willyes 4s

William Oxenham 7s

Thomas Sturr 2s 9d

Richard Cabel gentleman 10s 10 ½d

William Bartlet 9s 8d

 John Hawell 12d

The parish Landes 2s 6d

Nicholas Voysye 6s

John Leye 12d

William Oxenham of Roger Ceylye 7s 6d

William Par 7d

Page 49

Rental of the Borough of Bovy Tracie

Alueta More        6d

John Cottes           6d

Garretta Potter      3d

Thomas Mordon and Simon     12d

John Hore              7s

Henry Wheler John Drake and John Bickford      7d

Gregory Ffryer           8d

Marian Wallyn         12d

John Westlake            7s 6d

Arthur Pettesthrow          23d

John More of Wiltesh       12 ½ d

William Rowlande             1d

George Beare                      7d

John Sture                           12d

 Richard Gyll                       2s

William Sture                      6d

Sum of Burghers’ Rents  of Bovie Tracie      £9 18s  5 ½d

it shoulde be £10

16 ½d. so wants 2s ½ 10 ½d

Page 50

Copy of the Charter of the Borough of Bovie Tracie

To All Those who are faithful to Christ written to which persons Henry of

Tracey greeting. Know that I have agreed on behalf of me and of all my heirs

to my Burghers of Bovie and to their heirs that they may have and hold their Burgages

in fee and to inherit for ever for themselves and for their heirs or to whomever they  wish to give

to assign to buy or mortgage except to religious houses or a sanctuary or

to the Jews, by paying Rent on whichever Burgage yearly on the feastday of Saint Michael  but to me with 12

Margin  note Everie Burgage owght to pay 12 d rent      pence, to me and to my heirs. They or their heirs or assigns according to

great and small, just as the agreement had been made for the Burghers remaining in the same place

I have also agreed that those Burghers remaining in the same place should be quit from toll from

1everything as merchants. The same thing I have agreed with the said Burghers that they should have common pasture for their horses

and for animals and all things over all of my Heathfield. Which extends

from the big bridge of Bovey as far as Bromleygh in the southern part of the Turbaria By paying Rent

for whatever horse 7d and for whatever animal 7d and for 5

of everything 7d to me and to my heirs. They and their heirs or assigns

to the aforementioned boundary. And that if it so happens that it has pleased me and my heirs

to cultivate the said Heathfield or to put to the burgage it is fine for us

And if [there is] any damage the said burghers and their heirs or assigns against

my profit I wish that they make that the damage is altered by legal forces

of the men in those parts. Moreover I wish that the said Burghers

host their burgages within the space of two years after they have accepted it

my forfeit. and of my heirs. I have agreed also that the said

burghers should be quit from feudal due of around some of the Burgage for 12

pence. And if it happens that the said Burghers in mercy

have fallen except by day or into their wells or into the hands of their pasture

they have thrown violent hands they should be quit from mercy for 6d

and as this my agreement I have placed

 

By the wordes of which Charter it doth appeare

that

 

Everye Burgage shoulde paye 12 pence a year  rent certaine wheras

nowe they paye more and lesse in monie at their pleasure

and where they owght after the death and alienation of every burgager

to paye for everye burgage for reliefe 12 pence . I doe not thinke his

Highnes hath receyved in that kinde iis, since his having the Lande

and where there is graunted unto them commn of pasture upon —

Com[m]on

Page 51

Borough of Bovie Tracie

Com[m]on, for which they are to pay a rent namelie for everye

horse, and everye beaste a pennye and for 5 sheepe a penye

they now paye nothinge at all

and where also there is reformed power in the graunter

and his heires at his pleasure to plowe up the same Heathfield

or to buylde upon the same, being about 200 acres. It is to

be considered whether the same power be not in the Prince

if so he may make thereof £40 p[er] ann[um].

The Burgagers also by their charter owght to dwell upon

their burgages within two yeares of their entryes upon

forfecture of the same. And now all that holde their burgages

are forraygners, and dwell out of the towne some very remote

There is graunted by the charter nothinge but Burgages

onlie, which are the houses, yet now they holde among them

under couler of their burgages above 200 acres of Lande

besides their burgage gardens and yards; to which Landes

they have no apparent righte.

The tenantes of the manor have bene often amerced for

puttinge their cattle upon the Princes wast Land there

without licence, which nowe they totallie usurpe, not w[ith]standing

manie recorded to the contrarie.

Margin note] 14. H[enry] 6          Thomas White, John Sayre, Walter Credyforde John

Wetherdon and others give a fine to the lord for entry into the waste land

of the lord nearest of Saint Michael

The like g.E[lizabeth]. 4.

33. H[enry]. 6

Margin note 18. E[lizabeth] 4.  10 of the tenantes were amerced in severall sums for

doinge trespas with their cattle upon the Lordes waste

Margin note 11. H[enry]. 6.    8 tenn[an]tes were likewise amerced for the like

Margin note 14. H[enry]. 8.       Thomas Hore, Tho[mas] Delfe, Simon More, Robert Leache and

Others gave to the lord king a fine to occupy the pasture £9 2d

Sowth Heathfeilde with their animals , amonge them xvs xd

The like 22.E[lizabeth].4. for easte Heathfield

Everye

Page 52

Bovie Tracie 

Everye yeare untill the time of H[enry] 8 there comuns yelded

yearlie  a rent; now utterlie dyscontynued

Note

Dyvers ten[an]tes holdinge by copie, take new estates, the tenant being in divers

possession doth not surrender, but takes a new copie to himselfe and others

whether copies thus graunted, a copie in being not surrendred, is to

be considered.

One Mr Thomas Sowthcote Senior gen[tleman]  helde by copie certaine barton or

demesne Landes by theis wordes viz. Thomas Sowthcote  Sen[ior] gentleman

held by Copy of the Barton two closes of land called The

Orchardes by per estimation 6 acres rent 40s

Margin note- see before Fo[lio] 59  the presentment. and Fo[lio] 75 for the entrie of his copie

This parte by the combination of Mr Eveley the then Stew[ard]

of the manor, and this Mr Sowthcote with Auditor Paddon

with and under couler of an abandoned tynn mill never  in charge

with the contractors for mills in there wordes viz

Parcels of possessions called Richmond Landes

Margin note County of  Devon       A Farm of one mill stationed in the same place

called a Tynn Smyth with water course

 belonging to it and the mill house

containing  the same space and the stable adjacent

by estimation………..  feet in Longitude

and in Latitude ……….. feet. Two

Margin note- Parcels of the manor of Bovie Tracye        closes of pasture called the the Orchardes 40s

containing by estimation  6 acres conceded to  

George Sowthcote Thomas and Peter

sons of Thom[ase Sowthcote

to the end of their life successively by

Copy of the Court Roll given 22nd day

30 of March next in the reign of

Elizabeth. We Shall Pay yearly 40s

This particular was made without anie true grounde

insertinge the mill to be copie holde that was never in

charge

Page 53

Bovie Tracie

charge and so passe it under, the name of a copie wherin it

is not mentioned. And as parcell of the rente of 40s where

the 40s is the undder rente of the Lande. And the Lande the

verye site of the manor wherin the Kinge was abused in his

graunt and the Prince thus wrongfully to Loose his Lande

worthe  £10 a year where the mill under couler wherof it

passeth not worth 2s a year.

—————————————————————————————————–

 

Penny Martin lives locally. She is a retired librarian and teaches a beginners’ Latin group for the Ashburton U3A. Penny led a short course on learning Latin at the U3A 2017 Summer School in Cirencester and has another one planned for the 2018 Summer School.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Grateful thanks to Dr John Booker for his tuition, and to both him and Dr David Stone for help with  difficult parts of the palaeography/Latin translation.

REFERENCES

  1. Frank Kitchen  2oo8. John Norden . Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford)
  2. Heather Lawrence, 1985. John Norden and his Colleagues, Surveyors of Crown Lands in The Cartographic Journal 22, vol.I, pp.54-5.
  3. John Kew, 1967. The land Market in Devon 1536-1558. Unpublished Ph.D.thesis University of Exeter.; John E. Kew, 1967. Mortagages in Mid-Tudor Devonshire in Trans.Devon. Assoc.,Advmt Sci.vol.99, pp.165-179; John Kew, 1970. The Disposal of Crown Lands and the Devon Land Market, 1536-58 in Agricultural History Review xviii,  18, pt 1, pp.93-105.
  4. Calendar of State Papers Domestic Series James I, 1611-1618, p. 158. 26 November 1612, ed. Mary Anne Everrett Green, HMSO, 1967.
  5. John Norden, 1548-1625?,  A Surveyor’s Dialogue, 4th edition, London, R. Montagu, 1738.
  6. John Norden, 1610 published 1720. Speculi Britanniae Pars Altera: or A Delineation of Northamptonshire, (London).
  7. London Metropolitan Archives.John Norden ; 1615-16 Survey of Devon manors CLA / 044/05/04.
  8. Frank Kitchen,1997. John Norden c. 1547-1625, Estate Surveyor, Topographer, County Mapmaker and Devotional Writer in Imago Mundi 49, pp. 43-61. Page 50 describes the background of Norden’s work and page 54 describes Norden’s methods.
  9. DHC 103M-0/T/21: Title Deed Gregory and Christyen Sprente [Sprint] of Collaton (Raleigh) to William Gorge and William Clerke 1578; explained in Frances Billinge 2017. The History of Yarner Bovey Tracey, reference 57, www.boveytraceyhistory.org

Updated  16 May  2018